Research Article

Violet Laser Acupuncture—Part 1: Effects on Brain Circulation

Gerhard LitscheraCorresponding Author Contact InformationE-mail The Corresponding Author, Tao Huangab, Lu Wanga and Weibo Zhangb
a Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine and TCM Research Center Graz, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
b Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
Received 16 September 2010;  
accepted 12 October 2010.  
Available online 23 December 2010. 


Violet laser acupuncture using a wavelength of 405 nm has been investigated in only a few scientific studies. The aim of this study was to provide selective evidence of a specific effect of violet laser acupuncture on mean cerebral blood flow velocity using a Doppler ultrasound technique. A transcranial Doppler sonography construction was developed especially for this study to monitor blood flow profiles in the basilar and middle cerebral arteries simultaneously and continuously. The acupuncture point Dazhui on the upper back was tested in a controlled study with 10 healthy volunteers (24.9 ± 3.3 years, mean age ± SD; 5 females, 5 males). In addition to an on/off-effect, violet laser stimulation increased the blood flow velocity in the basilar artery significantly (p < 0.001) compared with the reference interval before laser acupuncture. In the middle cerebral artery, only minimal, nonsignificant changes in blood flow velocity were seen. Metal needle acupuncture at the same point intensified the effects; however, blood flow profiles did not change significantly during and after stimulation with a deactivated violet laser.
Key Words: basilar artery; cerebral blood flow velocity; multidirectional transcranial Doppler sonography; traditional Chinese medicine; violet laser acupuncture; 405 nm

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