How family support affects physical activity (PA) among middle-aged and elderly people before and after they suffer from chronic diseases

Como el apoyo de la familia afecta a la actividad física (AF) entre las personas de mediana edad y ancianos antes y después de sufrir enfermedades crónicas

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El apoyo a más personas mayores tienen de su familia, menosprobabilidades hay de que sufren de enfermedades crónicas. Elobjetivo de este estudio es investigar cómo el apoyo de la familiaafecta a las personas PA de mediana edad y ancianos participan en antes y después de que sufren de enfermedades crónicas. Se entrevistaron 428 personas de mediana edad y ancianos, utilizando un cuestionario estructurado para medir su aeróbicoPA. Dieciocho por ciento de las personas de mediana edad ymayores han participado en el PA después de sufrir deenfermedades crónicas. Utilizando un modelo multivariado deregresión logística, se encontró que las personas de medianaedad y ancianos que dependen de los familiares cuando estánenfermos (OR = 1,87, IC 95% = 1.08-3.25) y que sonacompañados por miembros de la familia (OR = 2.09, 95 % IC =1.20 a 3.62) cuando están sanos son más propensas a hacer ejercicio. Los más de mediana edad y ancianos con el apoyo desu familia, mayor probabilidad hay de que el ejercicio. El fortalecimiento de las relaciones familiares debe ayudar a reducirla prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas en personas de mediana edad y ancianos.

Su-Chuan Yuanabh, Shuo-Chun Wengcd, Ming-Chih Choue, Yih-Jing Tangfa, Shu-Hsin Leeab, Der-Yuan Chencg, Ya-Wen Chuangcd, Chia-Hui Yuh and Hsien-Wen KuoiCorresponding Author Contact InformationE-mail The Corresponding Author
a Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
b College of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
c Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 160, Sec. 3, Chung-Kang Road, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, ROC
d Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 160, Sec. 3, Chung-Kang Road, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, ROC
e School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
f Department of Family Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 160, Sec. 3, Chung-Kang Road, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, ROC
g Division of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 160, Sec. 3, Chung-Kang Road, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, ROC
h Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
i Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC
Received 10 July 2010;  
revised 23 October 2010;  
accepted 25 October 2010.  
Available online 30 December 2010. 

Abstract

The more support elderly people have from their family, the less likely they are to suffer from chronic diseases. The objective of this study is to investigate how family support affects the PA middle-aged and elderly people engage in before and after they suffer from chronic diseases. We interviewed 428 middle-aged and elderly people using a structured questionnaire to measure their aerobic PA. Eighteen percent of middle-aged and elderly people did participate in PA after suffering from chronic diseases. Using multivariate logistic regression models, we found that middle-aged and elderly people who rely on family members when they are sick (OR = 1.87, 95%CI = 1.08–3.25) and who are accompanied by family members (OR = 2.09, 95%CI = 1.20–3.62) when they are healthy are more likely to exercise. The more middle-aged and elderly people are supported by their family, the more likely they are to exercise. Strengthening family relationships should help reduce the prevalence of chronic diseases among middle-aged and elderly people.
Keywords: Family support to elderly; Middle-aged; Physical activity (PA)

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